Welcome to Southwest Inventory & Monitoring (I&M)

We apply robust science to answer applied biological problems.  Our work advances species and habitat conservation and management for the National Wildlife Refuge System in the Southwestern United States.

We often use biometrics, geographic information science (GIS), spatial ecology and wildlife biology in our work.  Projects integrate technical expertise with the species and logistical knowledge of field biologists. Much of our work is interdisciplinary, involving federal, state and non-governmental organization (NGO) partners.

Take a look around to learn more about our work!

News from the field

New Study Reveals the Limitations of the Surrogacy Approach to Conservation Planning

A new study in Conservation Biology reveals that trying to use conservation areas designed for a single aquatic group (such as fish) will protect common and rare fish species, but may not ensure that rare, endangered species of other aquatic groups (mussels, amphibians, or aquatic reptiles) are protected by conservation priority areas. This research likely …

“Backpacks for Birds” explains golden-cheeked warbler migratory connectivity research

How do you ensure conservation of a species that spends less than half of its life on protected breeding areas? The first step is to learn where they go. That is not so easy when working with an organism like the golden-cheeked warbler, a Neotropical migrant that weighs one-third of an ounce (a little less …

Paige Schmidt gives presentation at Louisiana State University; serves as mentor to Native Student Professional Development Program

Dr. Paige Schmidt was recently invited by Louisiana State University’s School of Natural Resources to provide a seminar. Her presentation, “The role of science in the National Wildlife Refuge System: examples from Oklahoma and Texas” was well received. The examples she discussed included snowy plover monitoring at Salt Plains National Wildlife Refuge (NWR); evaluation of …